December 11, 2023

Microsoft patched 44 CVEs in the August 2021 Patch Tuesday release, including seven CVEs rated as critical and 37 rated as important.

This month’s update includes patches for:

  • .NET Core & Visual Studio
  • ASP .NET
  • Azure
  • Azure Sphere
  • Microsoft Azure Active Directory Connect
  • Microsoft Dynamics
  • Microsoft Graphics Component
  • Microsoft Office
  • Microsoft Office SharePoint
  • Microsoft Office Word
  • Microsoft Scripting Engine
  • Microsoft Windows Codecs Library
  • Remote Desktop Client
  • Windows Bluetooth Service
  • Windows Cryptographic Services
  • Windows Defender
  • Windows Event Tracing
  • Windows Media
  • Windows MSHTML Platform
  • Windows NTLM
  • Windows Print Spooler Components
  • Windows Services for NFS ONCRPC XDR Driver
  • Windows Storage Spaces Controller
  • Windows TCP/IP
  • Windows Update
  • Windows Update Assistant
  • Windows User Profile Service

A Brief on some of the important updates.

CVE-2021-26424 | Windows TCP/IP Remote Code Execution Vulnerability

CVE-2021-26424 is an RCE vulnerability in the Windows implementation of TCP/IP. It received a CVSSv3 score of 9.9 and is more likely to be exploited. An attacker could remotely exploit this vulnerability by sending a specially crafted TCP/IP packet to a vulnerable Hyper-V host using the TCP/IP protocol stack to process packets.This may indicate wider impact.

CVE-2021-34535 | Remote Desktop Client RCE Vulnerability

CVE-2021-34535 is an RCE vulnerability in the Remote Desktop Client. The flaw has received a CVSSv3 score of 8.8 and is considered to be more likely to be exploited. Exploitation is possible in at least two scenarios.

One scenario involves a victim making a RDP to an attacker-controlled server the attacker could achieve RCE once the victim makes an initial connection with an affected version of the Remote Desktop Client. Second scenario, a guest VM on a Hyper-V server could achieve “guest-to-host RCE” after a victim on the Hyper-V host makes a connection to a malicious VM. As this vulnerability lies within the Remote Desktop Client and is not a server-side flaw, this bug is not likely wormable in an attack scenario.

CVE-2021-36936 and CVE-2021-36947 | Windows Print Spooler RCE Vulnerability

CVE-2021-36936 and CVE-2021-36947 are RCE vulnerabilities in Windows Print Spooler. Over the past few months, Print Spooler bugs have received significant attention, starting with CVE-2021-1675 in June, followed by an out-of-band patch for CVE-2021-34527 known as PrintNightmare.

Microsoft rates both CVE-2021-36936 and CVE-2021-36947 as “Exploitation More Likely.” CVE-2021-36936 is one of two vulnerabilities this month that Microsoft says were publicly disclosed, which may be related to several bugs in Print Spooler that were identified by researchers over the past few months.

Microsoft has also introduced significant changes to the default Point and Print behavior, more information is available in this knowledge base article. Patch this vulnerability as soon as possible.

CVE-2021-36948 | Windows Update Medic Service Elevation of Privilege Vulnerability

CVE-2021-36948 is an EoP vulnerability in the Windows Update Medic Service (WaaSMedicSVC.exe). It received a CVSSv3 score of 7.8. The Windows Update Medic Service was introduced in Windows 10 to address damaged or corrupted components from the Windows Update process to ensure future Windows Updates can be received. This is the only vulnerability exploited in the wild as a zero-day this month. While RCE vulnerabilities are often the most damaging, EoP vulnerabilities are quite valuable for attackers, especially in post-compromise situations when they are looking to elevate privileges on the compromised system

CVE-2021-36942 | Windows LSA Spoofing Vulnerability

CVE-2021-36942 is a spoofing vulnerability in Windows Local Security Authority (LSA) which could allow an unauthenticated attacker using New Technology LAN Manager (NTLM) to trick a domain controller into authenticating with another server. Microsoft encourages prioritizing patching domain controllers first and notes that further action, found in KB5005413, is required after applying the security update.

This vulnerability on its own received a CVSSv3 score of 7.5, Microsoft makes special mention that when combined with an NTLM Relay Attack, the combined score is a 9.8. ADV210003  is also available to provide additional guidance on “Mitigating NTLM Relay Attacks on Active Directory Certificate Services (AD CS)” in light of the recent PetitPotam NTLM Relay Attacks.

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