December 9, 2023

A campaign has been witnessed by security researchers, the campaign is targeting companies in the Middle East and nearby regions Dubbed “Earth Vetala” the recently detected campaign.

The experts found proof of malicious activity that has aimed at UAE and Kuwait government agencies by utilizing the ScreenConnect remote management tool.

RAT Tool

According to the experts, the campaign uses the following authorized remote admin tools:

  • ScreenConnect
  • RemoteUtilities

Key TakeAways

  • The campaign is currently taking all the credentials from browsers like Chrome, Chromium, Firefox, Opera, Internet Explorer, and Outlook.
  • The campaign has been utilizing a spear-phishing email or attached documents with embedded links to an authorized file-sharing service.
  • The main motive of the campaign is to disseminate all the malicious packages that generally carry remote tools (ScreenConnect and RemoteUtilities) to manage all the enterprise systems remotely.


A Spear Phishing email supposedly from a government agency throughout the research. However, these email tries to induce the beneficiaries to click the URL and download all the malicious file. The fake documents’ content continuously strives to convince the victim to click on another ill-disposed URL and download a malicious .ZIP file. Several ZIP files that are used to administer the RemoteUtilities remote administration software in the method, along with all of those administering the same RemoteUtilities sample.


  • The campaign has been appropriating the post-exploitation tools that involve password/process-dumping tools, reverse-tunneling tools, and custom backdoors.
  • The threat actors have been perceived as instating conversations along with additional C2 infrastructure to perform the obfuscated PowerShell scripts.

Earth Vetala Footprint and target sectors

Earth Vetala conducted a very extensive aggressive campaign that is targeting multiple countries, and the researchers have identified that it is operating in the following countries:-

  • Bahrain
  • Israel
  • Azerbaijan
  • Saudi Arabia
  • United Arab Emirates

Sectors that are being targeted by Earth Vwtala are:-

  • Government Agencies
  • Academia
  • Tourism

MuddyWater group has been long recognized for utilizing spearphishing to attack its victims. That’s why the analysts have suggested to stay observant and use anti-spam, and anti-phishing explications to stay protected from all these types of threats.

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