September 22, 2023

Ransomware operators are using malicious fake ads for Microsoft Teams updates to infect systems with backdoors that deployed Cobalt Strike to compromise the rest of the network.

The attacks target organizations in various industries, but recent ones focused on the education sector (K-12), which depends on videoconferencing solutions due to Covid-19 restrictions.

Microsoft is warning its customers about these FakeUpdates campaigns, offering recommendations that would lower the impact of the attack via its Defender ATP service.

For instance, they started using signed binaries and various second-stage payloads.

Microsoft detected in one of the attack , the crooks purchased a search engine ad that caused top results for Teams software to point to a domain under their control.

Clicking on the link downloaded a payload that executed a PowerShell script to retrieve more malicious content. It also installed a legitimate copy of Microsoft Teams on the system to keep victims unaware of the attack.

Microsoft says that in many cases the initial payload was Predator the Thief infostealer, which sends the attacker sensitive information like credentials, browser, and payment data. Other malware distributed this way includes Bladabindi (NJRat) backdoor, and ZLoader stealer.

The malware also downloaded other payloads, with Cobalt Strike beacons being among them, thus allowing the attacker to discover how they could move laterally across the network.

In several of the observed attacks, the last stage was detonating file-encrypting malware on the network computers.

Microsoft is warning that the same patterns seen in the FakeUpdates campaigns using Teams updates as lure were observed in at least six others, suggesting the same actor behind them. In some variations of the same theme, the attacker used the IP Logger URL shortening service.

Mitigation ways

Microsoft recommends using web browsers that can filter and block malicious websites

Control admin privileges to an extent

Microsoft recommends blocking executable files that do not meet specific criteria such as prevalence and age or are outside a regularly maintained trusted list.

Blocking JavaScript and VBScript code from downloading executable content also adds to the defenses of the environment.

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